SEGMENT: FARMING METHODS, PESTS, & LIVESTOCK FEED

Bert Aikman>UIS Collection A's>UIS Collection, Segment 3

SEGMENT: FARMING METHODS, PESTS, & LIVESTOCK FEED,

duration 12:35
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CHILDHOOD WORK
Discusses working for George Polk for $.65/day stacking wheat when he was 7yrs old during threshing. Describes stacking & threshing of wheat.
FARMING METHODS
Stacked wheat so they could plow field again quickly.
PESTS
Law passed stating you couldn't sow wheat until after September 6th when wheat would be free of "Hessian-Fly" eggs. This was beginning of experiment station. If sowed before September 6th, wheat would be full of fly eggs. Mentions cinch bug. Discusses how they dealt with grasshoppers. Describes grasshopper catcher. Grasshopper-Catcher; Describes grasshopper catcher. Describes use of grasshopper catcher towed by horses.
LIVESTOCK
Discusses feeding dead grasshoppers to hogs.
FARMING METHODS
Discusses harrowing & cultivation of corn. Harrowing killed weeds at top of ground when corn was about 3 inches high. First cultivation just put some soil up against, but not cover corn. Second cultivation done perpendicular to first cultivation direction. Created "hills" around corn plants.
FARM EQUIPMENT
Walked behind horse-drawn cultivators at first. Later they had seats. Last year he worked with Mr. Richardson was 1900. Cultivator pulled by 2-horse teams. Mules good for plowing because they would step around corn, but horses would step through until they learned how to turn at end of rows without stepping on plants.
CROPS
Discusses early and later maturing varieties of corn. Took about 84 days from planting to harvest. Describes husking corn by hand using "shucking-peg". Some could husk 200 bushels a day in contests. Most could husk 80 bushels a day. Then put in corn crib. They could start shucking corn 2 wks earlier than now using combine because cob would finish drying in crib. Describes percentage of moisture needed for corn by grain dryers today. Describes measuring moisture of corn at grain elevator.