SEGMENT: FARMING METHODS & FARM EQUIPMENT

Gray Herndon>UIS Collection H-I>UIS Collection H-I, Segment 3

SEGMENT: FARMING METHODS & FARM EQUIPMENT,

duration 09:45
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FARMING METHODS
Describes how farmers used a binder to cut and bind shocks of wheat or oats, tie the stems together into bundles, stack the bundles into shocks, and arrange bundles on top of the shocks to protect the grain from rain.
FARM EQUIPMENT
Describes the working parts of a binder, including the sickle bar, the platform, the canvas, pulleys, fingers. Explains how the binder wrapped twine around the gathered stems with a threaded arm or needle. Some binders had a carrier to one side that held several bundles until they were dumped in one place. Bundles were stacked by hand into shocks. The shocks stood in the field until the threshing machines came around.