Rick Collins>ISM Interviews A-L>


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In the 1830s and 1840s, random sized planks were being made. There was no industry standard. After the 1860s they decided to make them all specific sizes. From 1850 to 1890 they milled three billion feet in planks. In the Appalachians sometimes bark was used as siding, but not so much in the Midwest. A scarf joint is the most common joint. There are four hundred joints used in the world, about a dozen in Illinois, and most carpenters know about a hundred. Buildings built before 1860 are built using a technique called draw boring, which allows the building to pull together when you put the pegs in. Most buildings built after 1830 are built using machine cut nails. The blake handle is used on cellar and granary doors. Smithies made screws and handles. Wooden door handles are either carved or found naturally in nature.