Mark Johnson>ISM Walk & Talk Interviews>Johnson, Mark, Section 1


duration 10:01
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They are threshing oats. They plant in March/ early April. Oats grow best in less than 80 degrees. The oats start to die in July and it turns golden. They use an 1890s International grain binder. Then they walk the fields and put the bundles into shocks of seven. If it is too dry the oats will shatter, if it is too wet they will grow mold. They feed the oats through a machine that separates the seed from the shaft. Straw comes from the stalks. The difference betweeen hay and straw is that straw is used for bedding and hay is green and used for eating (for animals). In the 1890s the oats were used for feeding horses. The tractor is a steam engine from the 1920s. It is started with coal and then they use wood.